History Lessons in Mood

Professor Sydney Shep, senior lecturer in print and book culture at Victoria University, has uncovered the emoticon’s “pre-history” stumbling upon emoticons in an 1882 typographic journal at St. Bride’s Printing Library in London. There, on the page, were “faces” constructed of punctuation marks. The expressions were labelled: faithful, grumpy, indifferent and astonished. An explanatory note said that contemporary typesetters were creating these humorous punctuation marks in the United States and in Germany. “The emoticon is really — some people cringe when they see them – but it’s literally putting the human touch on the text that surrounds us,” said Shep, who will present her research this week at the annual humanities congress in Vancouver.


Tags: Emoticons  National Post  Sydney Shep  Victoria University  

Sea Lions Continue Mainland Investigations

Sea Lions Continue Mainland Investigations

Sea lions are returning to New Zealand’s mainland after being hunted to near extinction in the 19th and early 20th century. Now, local people are learning to live with their new…